Main tips to proofread your essay
If you are writing an essay, try to capture the attention of the reader. Artistic texts are filled with emotions much more than all other texts. In such writings, it is appropriate to start with metaphors. If you try to write something fascinating or memorable in the first few phrases, you will be able to interest the reader in your work. Since literary texts do not imply such a rigid structure as in analytical essays (that is, structure planning, goal formulation), here you will have more freedom of expression.
For example, if you are writing a fascinating story about a girl who is hiding from the persecution of the authorities, you can start with a bright image: “The sound of sirens broke into the smoky rooms of a cheap hotel. Red and blue lights flashed like camera reporters. Sweat mixed with rusty water on the handle of her pistol.” Here is an introduction!
It is important to note that the first few sentences may be interesting even if they do not have much action. Tolkien’s The Hobbit begins like this: “The Hobbit lived in a hole in the ground. The hole was not terrible, dirty, wet, filled with worms and an unpleasant smell, but it was not dry, bare and sandy, where there would be nothing to sit on and nothing to eat. It was a hobbit hole, which means that it was comfortable in it.” This raises several questions at once. Who is a hobbit? Why does he live in a burrow? The reader will read further to find out everything.
If you are writing text related to art and entertainment, link some details to the main topic. Work in this area (writing reviews of films, books, and so on) has fewer restrictions on rules and requirements than writing technical texts, but even introducing essays in such texts can be more interesting when using the method of overlapping details. You can make the beginning frivolous, but still describe the main topic of the essay or point to it with small, but important details.
For example, if you are writing a review analyzing the Paul Thomas Anderson film “The Master”, you can start like this: “There is one little episode in this film that is hard to forget. When Joaquin Phoenix speaks with his youthful love for the last time, suddenly through the screen that separates the heroes, water breaks through, hugs the girl and kisses her. This is both beautiful and strange at the same time, but this scene very well reflects the tangled love theme in the film.” Thanks to the mention of such a small but spectacular moment, you will be able to let the reader understand what the discussion will go on in a different way.
Technical and scientific essays: what to write?
If you are writing a technical or scientific essay, do not go beyond the rigid framework. Not all lyrics should be exciting. Wit and fantasy have no place in the world of serious analytical, technical and scientific texts. Such texts serve practical purposes: they inform the reader about serious and important issues. Since these texts pursue only an informative purpose (and are sometimes called upon to convince the reader of something), they should not be used with jokes, vivid images or anything else that is not directly related to the task.
For example, if you are writing an analytical essay about the pros and cons of ways to protect a metal from corrosion, you should begin as follows: “Corrosion is an electrochemical process in which a metal decomposes under the influence of a medium. Since this is a danger to the integrity of metal objects and structures, various methods have been developed to protect the metal from corrosion. ” Such a beginning will be simple and to the point. There is no room for a sophisticated style or verbal tinsel.
Remember that in an essay written in this style, often the main part is preceded by a summary of the main provisions. Learn to write an abstract.
One of the most important rules regarding introductions is this: the shorter the introduction, the better. If you can communicate all the important information in five sentences instead of six, do so. If you can replace a difficult and incomprehensible word with a simple and common one, replace it (for example, it is better to correct “initiate” with “start”). If you can convey to the reader the meaning of the phrase in 10 words, not 12, do so. If you have the opportunity to make the entry shorter, without losing the quality and clarity of the text, always choose the short version. Remember that the introduction brings the reader to the essence of your essay and is not the essay itself, so do not stretch the introduction.
As mentioned above, you need to strive for brevity, but you should not reduce the entry so that it becomes incomprehensible and illogical. For example, in an essay on obesity, do not abbreviate the phrase “Obesity among children is a serious problem that affects both rich and poor countries”, until: “Obesity is a big problem.” The second sentence does not reflect the essence of the problem. Your essay is about the problem of increasing obesity among children around the world, and not about the problem of obesity in general.